Train with Japanese immigrants traveling to São Paulo from the port of Santos in Brazil (1935).
Japanese immigration to Brazil began in earnest in the first decade of the twentieth century, with the first group of immigrants arriving aboard the ship Kasato Maru in 1908. Over 150,000 immigrants landed in Brazil between 1917 and 1940. Today Brazil has the largest Japanese population outside of Japan.
Chilean president Salvador Allende on the last day of his life during the coup of September 11, 1973.
Ed Sullivan interviewed Fidel Castro in Cuba over a week after the triumph of the Revolution in January 1959.
Japanese immigration to Brazil began in earnest in the first decade of the twentieth century, with over 150,000 immigrants arriving in Brazil between 1917 and 1940.
Ecuadorian artist Oswaldo Guayasamín, far right, presenting Fidel Castro with his portrait in 1961. A life-long friend of Castro, Guayasamín completed a number of canvases featuring the likeness of the Cuban leader.
Today is the 53rd anniversary of the triumph of the Cuban Revolution. Here is Fidel Castro gracing the cover of the American Time magazine less than a month after the fall of Batista.
Brazilian postage stamp commemorating the visit of Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie I in December 1960. On December 13, the same day that Selassie was meeting with Brazilian president Juscelino Kubitschek in the newly-inaugurated capital of Brasilia, members of the Emperor’s Imperial Guard staged an unsuccessful coup attempt in Ethiopia which was quickly suppressed by the country’s military.
Yaqui Dance Mask
The National Museum of The American Indian
Antarctica’s First Son
The first human born on the continent of Antarctica was Emilio Marcos Palma, who was born at Argentina’s Esperanza Base near the tip of the Antarctic Peninsula on January 7, 1978.
His birth was not happenstance, however. At that time Britain, Chile and Argentina (all signatories to the 1959 Antarctic Treaty) were competing to affirm sovereignty of the icy island. One way for a government to demonstrate its commitment and assert an aura of authority was to populate the land with native-born citizens. Captain Jorge Emilio Palma was the head of the Argentine army detachment at the base and just happened to have a pregnant wife back at home. The Argentinean government airlifted SÍlvia Morella de Palma, who was seven months along, to Antarctica specifically for the purpose of her producing the first natural-born Antarctican citizen.
[by Kara Kovalchik]
В карибском море по-прежнему неспокойно on Flickr.
О берега свободной Кубы
Агрессор поломает зубы!
“Col. Douglas C. McDougal & Haiti rifle team”
Douglas C. McDougal (1876-1964), who eventually rose to the rank of Major General and became Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps, served in Mexico, Haiti, the Dominican Republic and Nicaragua during the US military’s multiple interventions in the early decades of the 20th century. He was also chief of the newly-created Gendarmerie d’Haiti from 1921-1925, during the American occupation, and led the Haitian Rifle Team to the Summer Olympic games in Paris in 1924, which explains the photograph above. The members of the rifle team where also members of the US-led Gendarmerie, which functioned as one of the main instruments of US authority in Haiti.
(At the Library of Congress)
Courtesy of auntada:
Pelé’s first World Cup Trophy, 1958 (photographer unknown), age 17
Born on October 23, 1940 in Três Corações, Brazil, Edson Arantes do Nascimento- best known as Pelé- dominated the game of soccer for twenty years. He is widely regarded as one of the best athletes who ever lived. He is the only soccer player to be part of three World Cup squads and the only one to score over 1,280 goals.
“Those of us lucky enough to see him play,” wrote Uruguayan essayist Eduardo Galeano, “received offerings of rare beauty, moments so worthy … that we can believe immortality exists.”
A teenage Pelé was part of the Brazil’s first World Cup-winning team in 1958.
Carlos Prío Socarrás was president of Cuba from 1948 until 1952, when he was deposed in a military coup d’état led by Fulgencio Batista. Prío committed suicide in Miami, Florida in 1977.
Today In Latin American History
- 1764: Uruguayan independence hero José Gervasio Artigas is born in Montevideo, in what was then the Viceroyalty of Rio de la Plata.
- 1867: Mexican emperor Maximiliano I is executed by a firing squad in the state of Querétaro, marking an end to the Second Mexican Empire.
- 1944: Brazilian writer and musician Chico Buarque is born in Rio de Janeiro.
- 1945: About 355 people die during a mining accident in El Teniente, Chile.
- 2010: Writer Carlos Monsiváis dies in Mexico City at age 72.