How the Irish Became White

deafmuslimpunx:

native-detroiter:

for yall motherfuckers who need to be educated

an excerpt:

Ironically, Irish Catholics came to this country as an oppressed race yet quickly learned that to succeed they had to in turn oppress their closest social class competitors, free Northern blacks. Back home these “native Irish or papists” suffered something very similar to American slavery under English Penal Laws. Yet, despite their revolutionary roots as an oppressed group fighting for freedom and rights, and despite consistent pleas from the great Catholic emancipator, Daniel O’Connell, to support the abolitionists, the newly arrived Irish-Americans judged that the best way of gaining acceptance as good citizens and to counter the Nativist movement was to cooperate in the continued oppression of African Americans. Ironically, at the same time they were collaborating with the dominant culture to block abolition, they were garnering support from among Southern, slaveholding democrats for Repeal of the oppressive English Act of the Union back home. Some even convinced themselves that abolition was an English plot to weaken this country.

Upon hearing of this position on the part of so many of his fellow countrymen now residing in the United States, in 1843 O’Connell wrote: “Over the broad Atlantic I pour forth my voice, saying, come out of such a land, you Irishmen; or, if you remain, and dare countenance the system of slavery that is supported there, we will recognize you as Irishmen no longer.” It’s a tragic story. In a letter published in the Liberator in 1854, it was stated that “passage to the United States seems to produce the same effect upon the exile of Erin as the eating of the forbidden fruit did upon Adam and Eve. In the morning, they were pure, loving, and innocent; in the evening, guilty.”

and

An article by a black writer in an 1860 edition of the Liberator explained how the Irish ultimately attained their objectives: “Fifteen or twenty years ago, a Catholic priest in Philadelphia said to the Irish people in that city, ‘You are all poor, and chiefly laborers, the blacks are poor laborers; many of the native whites are laborers; now, if you wish to succeed, you must do everything that they do, no matter how degrading, and do it for less than they can afford to do it for.’ The Irish adopted this plan; they lived on less than the Americans could live upon, and worked for less, and the result is, that nearly all the menial employments are monopolized by the Irish, who now get as good prices as anybody. There were other avenues open to American white men, and though they have suffered much, the chief support of the Irish has come from the places from which we have been crowded.”

Once the Irish secured themselves in those jobs, they made sure blacks were kept out. They realized that as long as they continued to work alongside blacks, they would be considered no different. Later, as Irish became prominent in the labor movement, African Americans were excluded from participation. In fact, one of the primary themes of How the Irish Became White is the way in which left labor historians, such as the highly acclaimed Herbert Gutman, have not paid sufficient attention to the problem of race in the development of the labor movement.

I found this part interesting about some Irish Americans who actually fought FOR Mexico against USA. I never knew this:

Oh that there had been other Irish Americans such as the soldiers from St. Patrick’s Battalion who fought on the side of Mexico in the War of 1848, who did remain green and fought against oppression. So perhaps we Irish in America must reclaim our greenness and, perhaps, our anti-racism trainers are right that we all must reclaim our cultural heritage and bring it to the multicultural table. The only stipulation is that we do it in a decidedly anti-racist manner and in solidarity with oppressed classes of people. Maybe we can all share in the sentiment proclaimed in the 1991 movie about Dublin, “The Commitments,” when it was stated that “The Irish are the blacks of Europe, so say it loud, I’m black and I’m proud.”

(Source: boygeorgemichaelbluth, via badass-bharat-deafmuslim-artista)

America

zeldawiki:

dany36:

zeldawiki:

publiusaeliushadrian:




Ongoing Mexico Revolution - Ignored by the Media Mexico, July 11, 2012. The largest protest in human history. USA and UK governments pushed the press not to publish. Google censored videos on youtube and restricted keywords on this event. The Mexican media has blacking out the protests against their new government, who have been accused of doing everything from buying votes to buying off the media.
If the corporate media won’t spread this story, then let’s spread the story. Share this all over your pages and your friend’s pages and help support the democracy movement in Mexico.

 #this is fucking important ok #the PRI which is basically like the republican party literally bought votes #and scared hella citizens into voting #i know of some towns where mayors gave out fines if the people didn’t vote PRI #so yeah get on this shit #things people need to know about

More info here & here.

It’s very nice to see one of my favourite webpages in the internet is actually concerned about the fate my country is living…

It really does mean a lot to us.

heck yeah! plus, one of the admins is mexican, so ZELDA WIKI’S GOING IN FULL SUPPORT! B)

That’s right, Mexico. Zelda Wiki’s got your back! :D
We’ve been attempting to spread word on various forums, like Bulbagarden and Zelda Universe, so whatever you can do to let people know would be greatly appreciated.

zeldawiki:

dany36:

zeldawiki:

publiusaeliushadrian:

Ongoing Mexico Revolution - Ignored by the Media

Mexico, July 11, 2012. The largest protest in human history. USA and UK governments pushed the press not to publish. Google censored videos on youtube and restricted keywords on this event.

The Mexican media has blacking out the protests against their new government, who have been accused of doing everything from buying votes to buying off the media.

If the corporate media won’t spread this story, then let’s spread the story. Share this all over your pages and your friend’s pages and help support the democracy movement in Mexico.

 

More info here & here.

It’s very nice to see one of my favourite webpages in the internet is actually concerned about the fate my country is living…

It really does mean a lot to us.

heck yeah! plus, one of the admins is mexican, so ZELDA WIKI’S GOING IN FULL SUPPORT! B)

That’s right, Mexico. Zelda Wiki’s got your back! :D

We’ve been attempting to spread word on various forums, like Bulbagarden and Zelda Universe, so whatever you can do to let people know would be greatly appreciated.

(Source: electric-liquid, via captainsway)

ohmothernature:

The BIGGEST protest ever in Mexico is happening, but almost no media coverage. In some countries like USA and the UK even YouTube videos have been removed.

ohmothernature:

The BIGGEST protest ever in Mexico is happening, but almost no media coverage. 

In some countries like USA and the UK even YouTube videos have been removed.

(via jhenne-bean)

(Source: todos-somos-marcos)

MINORITY PRIVILEGE: UNPACKING THE NEW INVISIBLE KNAPSACK

thetruthaboutracialprivilege:

(…blah blah bullshit bullshit bullshit)


YOU CAN NOT ACHIEVE EQUALITY THROUGH PRIVILEGE, REPARATIONS AND BENEFIT FOR ANY RACE OR GENDER. IF YOU WANT EQUALITY, THEN ACT AS AN EQUAL, ANY USAGE OR SEEKING OF THE FORMER ENFORCE RACIAL SUPERIORITY OR ACCEPTANCE OF INFERIORITY. 

novocainelipstick:

leftist-linguaphile:

The women of the Mexican 1910 revolution. Badass. 

They are called Adelitas or Soldaderas

(via 5feet12inches)

(Source: todos-somos-marcos)

(via socialuprooting)

A Brief History of the Philippines:

The Early Philippines

The Philippines is named after King Philip II of Spain (1556-1598) and it was a Spanish colony for over 300 years.

Today the Philippines is an archipelago of 7,000 islands. However it is believed that during the last ice age they were joined to mainland Asia by a land bridge, enabling human beings to walk from there.

The first people in the Philippines were hunter-gatherers. However between 3,000 BC and 2,000 BC people learned to farm. They grew rice and domesticated animals. From the 10th AD century Filipinos traded with China and by the 12th Century AD Arab merchants reached the Philippines and they introduced Islam.

Then in 1521 Ferdinand Magellan sailed across the Pacific. He landed in the Philippines and claimed them for Spain. Magellan baptised a chief called Humabon and hoped to make him a puppet ruler on behalf of the Spanish crown. Magellan demanded that other chiefs submit to Humabon but one chief named Lapu Lapu refused. Magellan led a force to crush him. However the Spanish soldiers were scattered and Magellan was killed.

The Spaniards did not gain a foothold in the Philippines until 1565 when Miguel Lopez de Legazpi led an expedition, which built a fort in Cebu. Later, in 1571 the Spaniards landed in Luzon. Here they built the city of Intramuros (later called Manila), which became the capital of the Philippines. Spanish conquistadors marched inland and conquered Luzon. They created a feudal system. Spaniards owned vast estates worked by Filipinos.

Along with conquistadors went friars who converted the Filipinos to Christianity. The friars also built schools and universities.

The Spanish colony in the Philippines brought prosperity - for the upper class anyway! Each year the Chinese exported goods such as silk, porcelain and lacquer to the Philippines. From there they were re-exported to Mexico.

The years passed uneventfully in the Philippines until in 1762 the British captured Manila. They held it for some months but they handed it back in 1764 under the terms of the Treaty of Paris, signed in 1763.

In 1872 there was a rebellion in Cavite but it was quickly crushed. However nationalist feeling continued to grow helped by a writer named Jose Rizal (1861-1896). He wrote two novels Noli Me Tangere (Touch me Not) and El Filibusterismo (The Filibusterer) which stoked the fires of nationalism.

In 1892 Jose Rizal founded a movement called Liga Filipina, which called for reform rather than revolution. As a result Rizal was arrested and exiled to Dapitan on Mindanao.

Meanwhile Andres Bonifacio formed a more extreme organisation called the Katipunan. In August 1896 they began a revolution. Jose Rizal was accused of supporting the revolution, although he did not and he was executed on 30 December 1896. Yet his execution merely inflamed Filipino opinion and the revolution grew.

Then in 1898 came war between the USA and Spain. On 30 April 1898 the Americans defeated the Spanish fleet in Manila Bay. Meanwhile Filipino revolutionaries had surrounded Manila. Their leader, Emilio Aguinaldo declared the Philippines independent on 12 June. However as part of the peace treaty Spain ceded the Philippines to the USA. The Americans planned to take over.

War between American forces in Manila and the Filipinos began on 4 February 1899. The Filipino-American War lasted until 1902 when Aguinaldo was captured.

American rule in the Philippines was paternalistic. They called their policy ‘Benevolent Assimilation’. They wanted to ‘Americanize’ the Filipinos but they never quite succeeded. However they did do some good. Many American teachers were sent to the Philippines in a ship called the Thomas and they did increase literacy.

In 1935 the Philippines were made a commonwealth and were semi-independent. Manuel Quezon became president. The USA promised that the Philippines would become completely independent in 1945.

However in December 1941 Japan attacked the US fleet at Pearl Harbor. On 10 December 1941 Japanese troops invaded the Philippines. They captured Manila on 2 January 1941. By 6 May 1942 all of the Philippines were in Japanese hands.

However American troops returned to the Philippines in October 1944. They recaptured Manila in February 1945.

The Philippines became independent on 4 July 1946. Manuel Roxas was the first president of the newly independent nation.

Ferdinand Marcos (1917-1989) was elected president in 1965. He was re-elected in 1969. However the Philippines was dogged by poverty and inequality. In the 1960s a land reform programme began. However many peasants were frustrated by its slow progress and a Communist insurgency began in the countryside.

On 21 September 1972 Marcos declared martial law. He imposed a curfew, suspended Congress and arrested opposition leaders.

The Marcos dictatorship was exceedingly corrupt and Marcos and his cronies enriched themselves.

Then, in 1980 opposition leader Benigno Aquino went into exile in the USA. When he returned on 21 August 1983 he was shot. Aquino became a martyr and Filipinos were enraged by his murder.

In February 1986 Marcos called an election. The opposition united behind Cory Aquino the widow of Benigno. Marcos claimed victory (a clear case of electoral fraud). Cory Aquino also claimed victory and ordinary people took to the streets to show their support for her. Marcos’s cronies deserted him and he bowed to the inevitable and went into exile.

Things did not go smoothly for Corazan Aquino. (She survived 7 coup attempts). Furthermore the American bases in the Philippines (Subic Bay Naval Base and Clark Air Base) were unpopular with many Filipinos who felt they should go. In 1992 Mount Pinatubo erupted and covered Clark in volcanic ash forcing the Americans to leave. They left Subic Bay in 1993.

In 1992 Fidel Ramos became president. He improved the infrastructure in the Philippines including the electricity supply. Industry was privatized and the economy began to grow more rapidly.

However at the end of the 1990s the Philippine economy entered a crisis. Meanwhile in 1998 Joseph Estrada, known as Erap became president. Estrada was accused of corruption and he was impeached in November 2000. Estrada was not convicted. Nevertheless people demonstrated against him and the military withdrew its support. Estrada was forced to leave office and Vice-president Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo replaced him. She was re-elected in 2004.

Today poverty in the Philippines is still common. However in the first years of the 21st century the Philippine economy grew at about 5% a year. The Philippines suffered with the recession of 2009. However the Philippines recovered and today there is reason to be optimistic for the future.

Today the population of the Philippines is 101 million.

source

(Source: thepeacefulterrorist)

tsotchke:

becauseofthiswoman:

 
Name: Comandante RamonaDates: 1959-2006Why she rocks: She was a Mayan woman and an officer of the Zapatista Army, serving as a symbol of equality and standing up for the indigenous and impoverished peoples of Mexico. She led revolts and uprisings, demanding basic rights and needs for her people. Even when she was diagnosed with cancer, she still continued to fight for what was right.Because of this woman… she led the Mexican peoples to stand up to their government, and helped them receive things like food, water, and shelter, as well as their basic human rights.
 
badass

tsotchke:

becauseofthiswoman:

Name: Comandante Ramona
Dates: 1959-2006

Why she rocks: She was a Mayan woman and an officer of the Zapatista Army, serving as a symbol of equality and standing up for the indigenous and impoverished peoples of Mexico. She led revolts and uprisings, demanding basic rights and needs for her people. Even when she was diagnosed with cancer, she still continued to fight for what was right.

Because of this woman… she led the Mexican peoples to stand up to their government, and helped them receive things like food, water, and shelter, as well as their basic human rights.

badass

(via fuckyeahmarxismleninism)

A Tumblr blogger's "Rant about Mexicans."

stfuracists:

Hey, Tumblr community, meet one of your neighbors…

im-perfectly-me:

They come into our country and take over our language. ESL? English is a SECOND language? Hell no. English is the FIRST language of America. If American’s went to Mexico, they would throw a pissy fit if we tried taking over Spanish with English. Why would we let you guys into our free country just so you can fuck it up again? America is full of dumb bitches being fucked up the ass. Some free country, I can’t even voice my own opinion at my school without being threatened to “get jumped”. Go to LA, those are real gangs. Not pussy ones in Salem, Oregon. Don’t get me wrong, not all Mexicans are like this. The majority of them are, though. I don’t care if you call me racist because everyone knows I am. I give props to the smart Mexicans, the non-“gang-bangers”, and so on, too, though. I’m fine if you speak it at your house or something but you shouldn’t be speaking it because you don’t know English. K. Have common sense.
Don’t get me wrong, I definitely don’t think Americans are any better. Take a look at this post for instance, it’s so horrible, intolerant, and racist. Every race has their flaw, no matter what.

You know it’s going to be good when a post it titled “rant about Mexicans.”

Another gross phenomenon besides the “I’m not racist but…” - the young, proud racist white girl. They’re all over Tumblr.

(Source: cunnilingusycafecitos)

fuckyeahmarxismleninism:

“Marxism Will Heal the Sick” by Frida Kahlo

fuckyeahmarxismleninism:

“Marxism Will Heal the Sick” by Frida Kahlo

(Source: dialectics8)

thinkmexican:

La Adelita
“Women during that time struggled to fight for a better future for themselves and the generations to come. They fought bravely and selflessly and made their marks in the world.” - Tereza Jandura, Revolutionary Mexican Women 
Read more at the University of Arizona

thinkmexican:

La Adelita

“Women during that time struggled to fight for a better future for themselves and the generations to come. They fought bravely and selflessly and made their marks in the world.” - Tereza Jandura, Revolutionary Mexican Women 

Read more at the University of Arizona

(Source: thinkmexican, via maghrabiyya)